C# 如何正确的为HTTP 重定向绑定 SAML 请求

.Net技术 针尖舞 9年前 (2015-08-14) 4320次浏览 0个评论
I need to create an SP initiated SAML 2.0 Authentication transaction using HTTP Redirect Binding method. It turns out this is quite easy. Just get the IdP URI and concatenate a single query-string param SAMLRequest. The param is an encoded block of xml that describes the SAML request. So far so good. 将 SAML 转换为查询字符串参数时出现问题。我的处理过程是:

    1. 生成一个 SAML 字符串
    1. 压缩此字符串
    1. 字符串用Base64 编码
    1. 字符串进行 UrlEncode .

SAML 请求

<samlp:AuthnRequest
    xmlns:samlp="urn:oasis:names:tc:SAML:2.0:protocol"
    xmlns:saml="urn:oasis:names:tc:SAML:2.0:assertion"
    ID="{0}"
    Version="2.0"
    AssertionConsumerServiceIndex="0"
    AttributeConsumingServiceIndex="0">
    <saml:Issuer>URN:xx-xx-xx</saml:Issuer>
    <samlp:NameIDPolicy
        AllowCreate="true"
        Format="urn:oasis:names:tc:SAML:2.0:nameid-format:transient"/>
</samlp:AuthnRequest>

代码

private string GetSAMLHttpRedirectUri(string idpUri)
{
    var saml = string.Format(SAMLRequest, Guid.NewGuid());
    var bytes = Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(saml);
    using (var output = new MemoryStream())
    {
        using (var zip = new DeflaterOutputStream(output))
        {
            zip.Write(bytes, 0, bytes.Length);
        }
        var base64 = Convert.ToBase64String(output.ToArray());
        var urlEncode = HttpUtility.UrlEncode(base64);
        return string.Concat(idpUri, "?SAMLRequest=", urlEncode);
    }
}

我怀疑压缩有点怪。我使用SharpZipLibDeflaterOutputStream 类。 据说是实施行业标准的压缩算法,也许有某些设置在这里我有错吗? The encoded output can be tested using this SAML2.0 Debugger (its a useful online conversion tool). When I decode my output using this tool it comes out as nonsense. 因此,问题是: 如何将 SAML 字符串正确转换 编码 SAMLRequest 查询参数? 谢谢 EDIT 1 The accepted answer below gives the answer to the problem. Here is final code as corrected by all subsequent comments and answers. 下面接受的答案给出了问题的答案。这里是依据下面的评论和答案,然后经更正后得出的最终代码,. Encode SAMLRequest – Working Code 编码 SAMLRequest – 可用代码

private string GenerateSAMLRequestParam()
{
    var saml = string.Format(SAMLRequest, Guid.NewGuid());
    var bytes = Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(saml);
    using (var output = new MemoryStream())
    {
        using (var zip = new DeflateStream(output, CompressionMode.Compress))
        {
            zip.Write(bytes, 0, bytes.Length);
        }
        var base64 = Convert.ToBase64String(output.ToArray());
        return HttpUtility.UrlEncode(base64);
    }
}

The SAMLRequest variable contains the SAML shown at the top of this question. Decode SAMLResponse – Working Code

private string DecodeSAMLResponse(string response)
{
    var utf8 = Encoding.UTF8;
    var bytes = utf8.GetBytes(response);
    using (var output = new MemoryStream())
    {
        using (new DeflateStream(output, CompressionMode.Decompress))
        {
            output.Write(bytes, 0, bytes.Length);
        }
        var base64 = utf8.GetString(output.ToArray());
        return utf8.GetString(Convert.FromBase64String(base64));
    }
}
6票
I””ve just run the following code with your example SAML:

        var saml = string.Format(sample, Guid.NewGuid());
        var bytes = Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(saml);
        string middle;
        using (var output = new MemoryStream())
        {
            using (var zip = new DeflaterOutputStream(output))
                zip.Write(bytes, 0, bytes.Length);
            middle = Convert.ToBase64String(output.ToArray());
        }
        string decoded;
        using (var input = new MemoryStream(Convert.FromBase64String(middle)))
        using (var unzip = new InflaterInputStream(input))
        using (var reader = new StreamReader(unzip, Encoding.UTF8))
            decoded = reader.ReadToEnd();
        bool test = decoded == saml;

The test variable is true. This means that the zip/base64/unbase64/unzip roundtrip performs correctly. The error must occur later. Maybe the URLEncoder destroys them? Could you try similar urlencode/decode test? Also, check how long the result is. It may be possible that the resulting URL is truncated due to its length. (edit: I””ve added a StreamReader instead of reading to arrays. Earlier my sample used bytes.Length to prepare the buffer and that could damage the test. Now the reading uses only the information from the compressed stream) edit:

        var saml = string.Format(sample, Guid.NewGuid());
        var bytes = Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(saml);
        string middle;
        using (var output = new MemoryStream())
        {
            using (var zip = new DeflateStream(output, CompressionMode.Compress))
                zip.Write(bytes, 0, bytes.Length);
            middle = Convert.ToBase64String(output.ToArray());
        }
        // MIDDLE is the thing that should be now UrlEncode""d
        string decoded;
        using (var input = new MemoryStream(Convert.FromBase64String(middle)))
        using (var unzip = new DeflateStream(input, CompressionMode.Decompress))
        using (var reader = new StreamReader(unzip, Encoding.UTF8))
            decoded = reader.ReadToEnd();
        bool test = decoded == saml;

this code produces a middle variable, that once is UrlEncoded, passes through the debugger properly. DeflateStream comes from the standard .Net””s System.IO.Compression namespace. I don””t have the slightest idea why the SharpZip””s Deflate is not accepted by the “”debugger”” site. It is undeniable that the compression works, as it manages to decompress the data properly.. it just has to be some difference in the algorithms, but I cannot tell what is the difference between this deflate and that deflate, d””oh.

4票
The question at the top contains a “Decode SAMLResponse – Working Code” section, but that code seemed broken. After trying a few things, I discovered that it was trying to read and write to the same stream at the same time. I reworked it by separating the read and write streams and here is my solution (I am providing the request section for convenience and clarity): Encode SAML Authentication Request:

public static string EncodeSamlAuthnRequest(this string authnRequest) {
    var bytes = Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(authnRequest);
    using (var output = new MemoryStream()) {
      using (var zip = new DeflateStream(output, CompressionMode.Compress)) {
        zip.Write(bytes, 0, bytes.Length);
      }
      var base64 = Convert.ToBase64String(output.ToArray());
      return HttpUtility.UrlEncode(base64);
    }
  }

Decode SAML Authentication Response:

public static string DecodeSamlAuthnRequest(this string encodedAuthnRequest) {
  var utf8 = Encoding.UTF8;
  var bytes = Convert.FromBase64String(HttpUtility.UrlDecode(encodedAuthnRequest));
  using (var output = new MemoryStream()) {
    using (var input = new MemoryStream(bytes)) {
      using (var unzip = new DeflateStream(input, CompressionMode.Decompress)) {
        unzip.CopyTo(output, bytes.Length);
        unzip.Close();
      }
      return utf8.GetString(output.ToArray());
    }
  }
}

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