C++里的小括号是什么

C++语言 码拜 7年前 (2015-11-12) 697次浏览
本人不清楚,改变优先级的小括号,就像(*p)[10]这种的,里面的小括号是什么啊?本人看它既不是运算符也不是C++标点符号,那它属于哪一部分呢?
解决方案:10分
//C++ Operators
//  Operators specify an evaluation to be performed on one of the following:
//    One operand (unary operator)
//    Two operands (binary operator)
//    Three operands (ternary operator)
//  The C++ language includes all C operators and adds several new operators.
//  Table 1.1 lists the operators available in Microsoft C++.
//  Operators follow a strict precedence which defines the evaluation order of
//expressions containing these operators.  Operators associate with either the
//expression on their left or the expression on their right;    this is called
//“associativity.” Operators in the same group have equal precedence and are
//evaluated left to right in an expression unless explicitly forced by a pair of
//parentheses, ( ).
//  Table 1.1 shows the precedence and associativity of C++ operators
//  (from highest to lowest precedence).
//
//Table 1.1   C++ Operator Precedence and Associativity
// The highest precedence level is at the top of the table.
//+--+--+--+
//| Operator         | Name or Meaning                         | Associativity |
//+--+--+--+
//| ::               | Scope resolution                        | None          |
//| ::               | Global                                  | None          |
//| [ ]              | Array subscript                         | Left to right |
//| ( )              | Function call                           | Left to right |
//| ( )              | Conversion                              | None          |
//| .                | Member selection (object)               | Left to right |
//| ->               | Member selection (pointer)              | Left to right |
//| ++               | Postfix increment                       | None          |
//| --               | Postfix decrement                       | None          |
//| new              | Allocate object                         | None          |
//| delete           | Deallocate object                       | None          |
//| delete[ ]        | Deallocate object                       | None          |
//| ++               | Prefix increment                        | None          |
//| --               | Prefix decrement                        | None          |
//| *                | Dereference                             | None          |
//| &                | Address-of                              | None          |
//| +                | Unary plus                              | None          |
//| -                | Arithmetic negation (unary)             | None          |
//| !                | Logical NOT                             | None          |
//| ~                | Bitwise complement                      | None          |
//| sizeof           | Size of object                          | None          |
//| sizeof ( )       | Size of type                            | None          |
//| typeid( )        | type name                               | None          |
//| (type)           | Type cast (conversion)                  | Right to left |
//| const_cast       | Type cast (conversion)                  | None          |
//| dynamic_cast     | Type cast (conversion)                  | None          |
//| reinterpret_cast | Type cast (conversion)                  | None          |
//| static_cast      | Type cast (conversion)                  | None          |
//| .*               | Apply pointer to class member (objects) | Left to right |
//| ->*              | Dereference pointer to class member     | Left to right |
//| *                | Multiplication                          | Left to right |
//| /                | Division                                | Left to right |
//| %                | Remainder (modulus)                     | Left to right |
//| +                | Addition                                | Left to right |
//| -                | Subtraction                             | Left to right |
//| <<               | Left shift                              | Left to right |
//| >>               | Right shift                             | Left to right |
//| <                | Less than                               | Left to right |
//| >                | Greater than                            | Left to right |
//| <=               | Less than or equal to                   | Left to right |
//| >=               | Greater than or equal to                | Left to right |
//| ==               | Equality                                | Left to right |
//| !=               | Inequality                              | Left to right |
//| &                | Bitwise AND                             | Left to right |
//| ^                | Bitwise exclusive OR                    | Left to right |
//| |                | Bitwise OR                              | Left to right |
//| &&               | Logical AND                             | Left to right |
//| ||               | Logical OR                              | Left to right |
//| e1?e2:e3         | Conditional                             | Right to left |
//| =                | Assignment                              | Right to left |
//| *=               | Multiplication assignment               | Right to left |
//| /=               | Division assignment                     | Right to left |
//| %=               | Modulus assignment                      | Right to left |
//| +=               | Addition assignment                     | Right to left |
//| -=               | Subtraction assignment                  | Right to left |
//| <<=              | Left-shift assignment                   | Right to left |
//| >>=              | Right-shift assignment                  | Right to left |
//| &=               | Bitwise AND assignment                  | Right to left |
//| |=               | Bitwise inclusive OR assignment         | Right to left |
//| ^=               | Bitwise exclusive OR assignment         | Right to left |
//| ,                | Comma                                   | Left to right |
//+--+--+--+
解决方案:20分
你可能只是想要对各种符号进行分类。
小括号“()”,可以看作是操作符的一种。用户确定代码执行的优先级。
而且加减乘除都是操作符,都可以通过代码重新定义操作符的行为。
你可以看看《C++ Primer 3rd Edition 中文完美版.pdf》的第四章和第十五章就知道了
解决方案:10分
算运算符的~

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